Bearing Clearance & Oil Viscosity Recommendations


Engine bearings and motor oil go hand in hand. An oil film protects and cools the engine bearings, and that oil film is formed by a combination of crankshaft speed, oil viscosity and engine load. Because all motor oils get thinner as they get hotter, it is important to choose the correct viscosity grade motor oil for the operating temperature of the engine. Specific bearing clearance require a specific viscosity motor oil to support oil film formation and proper cooling. The chart below provides recommendations on combinations of bearing clearances (both rod and main bearings) and motor oil viscosity grades. When a combination of main and rod bearing clearances call for two different motor oil viscosity grades, go with the heavier of the two viscosity grade recommendations. Also, this chart is based on naturally aspirated engines using gasoline. Because Methanol/E85 fuels call for a richer air/fuel ratio, it is important to go up one viscosity grade to compensate for the increased fuel dilution. The same applies for boosted applications. For turbocharged or supercharged engines, go up one viscosity grade from what is listed below. For boosted engines running Methanol or E85, go up two viscosity grades. 

Engine Bearing Clearances & Oil Viscosity Recommendations